Marine Operations in Ice Covered Waters of Shallowing Caspian

Decreasing water level in the Caspian may soon affect established logistical solutions in the Northern shallow part of it. The POAC paper discusses building access channels to existing and future offshore facilities in the Kazakhstan sector that is more vulnerable to the problem. The major accent is made to sea ice related hazards affecting marine operations in channels through shallow waters based on experience in the Volga Caspian channel (VCC).